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date: 18 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The categories of recapitulation, restoration, participation and deification elucidate the different patristic approaches to how the work of Christ transformed humanity, enabling believers to transcend their own nature and share in the life of the Trinity. By recapitulating the human race in his own person, Christ became the recipient and the agent of salvation. He restored the divine image and likeness, healed the wounds inflicted by the Fall, overcame Satan, and offered himself as a ransom for a humanity hitherto enslaved to sin. By enabling believers to participate in him by a dynamic process of spiritualization (through the Holy Spirit) and filiation (through himself as Son) he makes it possible for them to appropriate the divine life made accessible by his incarnation, death, and resurrection. And by the deification of the Christian, he allows the eschatological fulfilment of sharing in the life of God to be inaugurated even in this life.

Keywords: deification, incarnation, participation, ransom, recapitulation, restoration, salvation, Trinity

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