Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is an overview of derivational means described so far for members of the Afroasiatic language phylum—about 375 living languages spoken by about 300 million speakers. The chapter begins with an outline of root-and-pattern morphology, as attested in Semitic, Egyptian, and Berber before describing other derivational means in Afroasiatic languages, including zero-derivation, affixation, reduplication, compounding, vowel changes, tone changes, and the derivational use of gender markers. The third part of the chapter is devoted to derivation in the Chadic family, the most diverse member of the phylum. Because only a small percentage of Afroasiatic languages have been described, one cannot yet posit universals for the phylum. However, languages of all Afroasiatic families show means of deriving nouns from verbs and from other nouns, and also (with the exception of the Omotic family) exhibit nouns formed via the prefix m(V) , which may be a universal of the Afroasiatic phylum.

Keywords: root-and-pattern morphology, prefix m(V), gender markers, reduplication, zero-derivation, compounding, affixation, vowel changes, tone changes

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.