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date: 22 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The purpose of this chapter is to review the research on potential costs and benefits of synaesthesia for memory performance. Most of the research focuses on grapheme-colour synaesthesia. The review begins with case studies which report, in part, extraordinary capacities for remembering particular kinds of information, such as words and digits. In the second part, group studies are presented which focus on the question of how general the potential performance benefit is and on what mechanisms it relies. In particular, we address the possibility that the potential costs and benefits are selectively restricted to the realm of the inducers (such as digits or words), whether they also extend to concurrents (e.g., colour information), or whether synaesthesia leads to an even more general memory advantage.

Keywords: recall, recognition, episodic memory, short-term memory, classical conditioning

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