- The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Towards a Global History of Communism
- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels on Communism
- Lenin and Bolshevism
- Stalin and Stalinism
- Mao and Maoism
- The Comintern
- Communism in Eastern Europe
- Communism in China, 1900–2010
- Communism in South East Asia
- Communism in Latin America
- Communism in the Islamic World
- Communism in Africa
- Political and Economic Relations between Communist States
- Averting Armageddon: The Communist Peace Movement, 1948–1956
- The Cult of Personality and Symbolic Politics
- Communist Revolution and Political Terror
- Popular Opinion Under Communist Regimes
- Communism and Economic Modernization
- Collectivization and Famine
- The Politics of Plenty: Consumerism in Communist Societies
- The Life of a Communist Militant
- Rural Life
- Workers under Communism: Romance and Reality
- Communism and Women
- Privilege and Inequality in Communist Society
- Nation-Making and National Conflict under Communism
- Cultural Revolution
- Communism and the Artistic Intelligentsia
- Popular Culture
- Religion under Communism
- Sport Under Communism
Abstract and Keywords
The essay falls into two sections. The first examines the history of the Third International (Comintern) from its creation in 1919 to its dissolution in 1943, looking at the imposition of the Twenty-One Conditions on parties wishing to join the new International in 1920, the move from a perspective of splitting the labour movement to one of a united front in the early 1920s, the shift to the sectarian ‘third period’ strategy in 1928, and the gradual emergence of the popular front strategy in the mid-1930s. It examines the institutions of the Comintern and the Stalinization of national communist parties. The second section looks at some issues in the historiography of the Comintern, including the extent to which it was a tool of Soviet foreign policy, conflict over policy within the Executive Committee of the Comintern (ECCI), and the relationship of ECCI to ‘national sections’, with a particular focus on the Vietnamese Communist Party. Finally, it discusses problems of cultural and linguistic communication within the Comintern.
Alexander Vatlin is a professor in the History Faculty of Moscow State University, where he teaches modern German history and the history of the international communist movement. Among his publications are Die Komintern. Gründung, Programmatik, Akteure (Berlin: Karl Dietz Verlag, 2009).
Stephen A. Smith is Senior Research Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford. He has published extensively on the history of modern China and Russia, including Revolution and the People in Russia and China: A Comparative History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).
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