- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Tables and Diagrams
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- A Return to the Ancient World?
- Political Thought
- The Scientific Revolution
- Art and Architecture
- Europe’s Enlightenment
- Exploration and Navigation
- Iberian Empires
- Northern European Empire in Asia: The VOC
- Jesuit Missions
- Colonial Societies
- Trade and the Global Economy
- Asian Connections and Chinese Comparisons: The Unconquered East
- Monarchy in Western and Central Europe
- Monarchy in Northern and Eastern Europe
- Authority and Popular Resistance
- Royal Courts
- Taxation and State Debt
- Republics and Republicanism
- Warfare on Land
- European Naval Warfare
- The Ottoman Empire and Europe
- Europe’s Shifting Balance of Power
- The Emergence of Diplomacy
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter charts the emergence of diplomacy in its modern sense—the peaceful and continuous management of relations between states—during the early modern centuries. It was brought about by two central changes: one functional, the other geographical. The principal roles of an ambassador were providing information, representing his ruler, and conducting negotiations, and these were all established by the sixteenth century. Initially the first two were more important than the third, but by the second half of the period examined the conduct of negotiations had become the most important dimension of a diplomat’s role. The second transformation was an extension of the network of diplomacy, from its origins in the Italian peninsula to Western Europe and—by the eighteenth century—to Eastern Europe as well. These changes were not linear in nature, but collectively they created the diplomatic system and culture which prevailed until the First World War.
Paul Dover, Department of History and Philosophy, Kennesaw State University.
Hamish Scott is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of St Andrews, Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He has written several studies of early modern international relations, and edited volumes of essays on Enlightened absolutism and on European nobilities in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He is currently completing a survey of the formation of Europe's aristocracy between the fourteenth and the eighteenth centuries.
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