- The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Notes on the Contributors
- Internet Studies: The Foundations of a Transformative Field
- The Prehistory of the Internet and its Traces in the Present: Implications for Defining the Field
- Web Science
- Society on the Web
- The Internet as Infrastructure
- Network Societies and Internet Studies: Rethinking Time, Space, and Class
- Digital Inequality
- Sociality Through Social Network Sites
- The Study of Online Relationships and Dating
- Games, Online and off
- Cross-National Comparative Perspectives from the World Internet Project
- New Businesses and New Business Models
- Trust in Commercial and Personal Transactions in the Digital Age
- Government and the Internet: Evolving Technologies, Enduring Research Themes
- Digital Transformations of Scholarship and Knowledge
- Studies of the Internet in Learning and Education: Broadening the Disciplinary Landscape of Research
- Theoretical Perspectives in the Study of Communication and the Internet
- Tradition and Transformation in Online News Production and Consumption
- The Internet in Campaigns and Elections
- The Internet and Democracy
- Analyzing Freedom of Expression Online: Theoretical, Empirical, and Normative Contributions
- Cultural, Legal, Technical, and Economic Perspectives on Copyright Online: The Case of the Music Industry
- Privacy and Surveillance: The Multidisciplinary Literature on the Capture, Use, and Disclosure of Personal Information in Cyberspace
- Digital Infrastructures, Economies, and Public Policies: Contending Rationales and Outcome Assessment Strategies
- The Internet and Development: A Critical Perspective
- The Emerging Field of Internet Governance
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews the diffusion, uses, and impacts of the Internet worldwide and over time. The World Internet Project has been intended to become the vehicle for tracking what happens as households and nations adopt and use the Internet. The study of the connection between the Internet and society presents a window onto contemporary societies. The Internet mediates social changes and social relations. The age of users, the institutional context, and media culture determine the Internet use in a given country. The Internet has been more of a complement to the traditional media than a competitor, and displacement effects are hard to find and are not general or universal across countries. It is important to keep a vital perspective in comparative approaches, being mindful of the theory that differences verified between countries or continenta can lose much of their analytical relevance.
Gustavo Cardoso is an associate researcher at CIES, ISCTE-IUL, and Professor of Technology and Society at ISCTE—Lisbon University Institute, Lisbon, Portugal.
Guo Liang is an Associate Professor in the Institute of Philosophy, and Director of the China Internet Project, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China.
Tiago Lapa is a researcher at CIES, ISCTE-IUL, Portugal. He has an Mphil degree from Cambridge University, UK, and is a doctoral candidate in the School of Sociology and Public Policy, ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.