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date: 18 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the Ottawa Treaty or, as it is properly known, the Convention on the Prohibition on the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, which was signed by 122 governments in Ottawa, Canada, on 3–4 December 1997. By November 2011, there were 158 states parties to the agreement. The landmine treaty has saved lives, opened fields, and inspired change in international institutions. The NGOs created the Landmine Monitor, which has reported yearly on the substantial progress made in clearing minefields and preventing the export and production of mines. In 2009 only one nation, Myanmar, still used mines, and the number of producing nations had fallen from over forty to an estimated four. The number of deaths and serious wounds has dropped dramatically since 1997. The shame of defying the treaty made nearly all non-signatories compliant with the Ottawa aims. The United States, while refusing to sign the convention, became the leading funder for mine eradication.

Keywords: landmines treaty, Ottawa Treaty, minefields, Landmine Monitor

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