- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Contributors
- Introduction, Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech(Reprint)
- Conceptual Foundations of Phonology as a Laboratory Science (reprint)
- Nature and Types of Variation: Their Interpretation Within a Laboratory Phonology Perspective
- Speaker-Related Variation–Sociophonetic Factors
- Integrating Variation in Phonological Analysis: Variation: Where Laboratory and Theoretical Phonology Meet Modeling Phonological Variation
- Message-Related Variation: Segmental Within-Speaker Variation Tonal Variation
- System-Related Variation
- Multidimensional Representations of Knowledgeof Sound Structure
- Lexical Representations: Probing Underlying Representations Asymmetric Phonological Representations of Words in the Mental Lexicon The Lexicon: Not Just Elusive, But Illusory? The Dynamic Lexicon
- Phonological Elements: The Nature Of Distinctive Features and The Issue of Natural Classes Contrastive Tone and its Implementation Modeling Phonological Category Learning
- Organization of Phonological Elements: Articulatory Representation and Organization The Role of The Syllable Inthe Organization and Realization of Sound Systems The Temporal Implementation of Prosodic Structure
- Prosodic Representations: Prosodic Structure, Constituents, and Their Implementation Segment-To-Tone Association Tonal Alignment
- Phonological Representationsin Language Acquisition: Climbing The Ladder of Abstraction
- Changes In Representations: The Nature of Historical Change The Relationship Between Synchronic Variation and Diachronic Change Modeling Exemplar-Based Phonologization
- Integrating Different Perspectives: Insights From Production, Perception, and Acquisition
- Insights From Perception and Comprehension: How Perceptual and Cognitive Constraints Affect Learning of Speech Categories Representations of Speech Sound Patterns In The Speaker's Brain: Insights From Perception Studies
- Emergent Information-Level Coupling Between Perception and Production
- Insights From Acquisition and Learning: How Phonological Representations Develop During First-Language Acquisition Speech Processing In Bilingual and Multilingual Listeners Second-Language Speech Learning
- Methodologies and Resources
- Corpora, Databases, and Internet Resources: Corpus Phonology with Speech Resources Using The Internet For Collecting Phonological Data Speech Manipulation, Synthesis, and Automatic Recognition in Laboratory Phonology Phonotactic Patterns in Lexical Corpora
- Articulatory Analysis and Acoustic Modeling: Articulatory To Acoustic Modeling Ultrasound As a Tool For Speech Research Methodologies Used to Investigate Laryngeal Function and Aerodynamic Properties of Speech On The Acoustics and Aerodynamics of Fricatives
- Prosodic Analysis: Experimental Methods and Paradigms For Prosodic Analysis Data Collection For Prosodic Analysis of Continuous Speech and Dialectal Variation
- Encoding, Decoding, and Acquisition: Studying The Receptive Phonetic/Phonological System Experimental Methods and Designs To Investigate Phonological Encoding of Spoken Language Measuring Phonetic Perception In Adults Eye Movements As A Dependent Measure In Research On Spoken Language Neurophysiological Techniques In Laboratory Phonology
- Experimental Design and Data Collection: Socially Stratified Sampling in Laboratory-Based Phonological Experimentation Methods For Studying Spontaneous Speech Methods and Experimental Design For Studying Sociophonetic Variation
- Statistical Analyses: Statistics In Laboratory Phonology Mixed-Effects Models Clustering and Classification Methods
Abstract and Keywords
This article explains the evolution of laboratory phonology over the years. The laboratory phonology community uses both discrete mathematics and continuous mathematics. It continually evaluates what type of formalism is most suitable and incisive for what types of linguistic phenomena. The work on the articulatory and acoustic nature of phonological categories uses a methodology adopted from physics, in which the behavior of the basic equations of the theory is explored with respect to issues such as stability, linearity, invertability, and effects of boundary conditions. The exact extent of the voicing, its statistical variation, and the dependence of these factors on structural position are involved in a laboratory experiment. One of the major contributions of laboratory phonology to the field of phonology has been the careful documentation of syndromes in language sound structure. Phonological categories are natural in the sense that the actual phonetic denotation of each category shapes its patterning in the sound system. The phonological rules that affect the stops reflect their actual phonetic character. The phonological categories are also natural in the sense that physical nonlinearities in both articulation and acoustics have the result that phonetics is already quasi-categorical.
Janet B. Pierrehumbert is Professor of Linguistics at Northwestern University and co-organizer of LabPhon V. Her research interests include prosody and intonation, statistical models of phonological representation and processing, and interaction of cognitive and social factors in shaping language systems.
Mary E. Beckman, Ohio State University, firstname.lastname@example.org, "Language-specific and language-universal aspects of lingual obstruent productions in Japanese-acquiring children" (with Kiyoko Yoneyama and Jan Edwards) Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan 7:18–28. (2003) The ontogeny of phonological categories and the primacy of lexical learning in linguistic development. (with Jan Edwards) Child Development 71:240–249. (2000) Japanese tone structure. (with Janet B. Pierrehumbert) Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (1988)
D. Robert Ladd is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Edinburgh, coorganizer of LabPhon II, and first President of the Association for Laboratory Phonology. His research focuses on intonation, and more recently on phonological representation and interfaces with phonetics.
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