- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Contributors
- Introduction, Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech(Reprint)
- Conceptual Foundations of Phonology as a Laboratory Science (reprint)
- Nature and Types of Variation: Their Interpretation Within a Laboratory Phonology Perspective
- Speaker-Related Variation–Sociophonetic Factors
- Integrating Variation in Phonological Analysis: Variation: Where Laboratory and Theoretical Phonology Meet Modeling Phonological Variation
- Message-Related Variation: Segmental Within-Speaker Variation Tonal Variation
- System-Related Variation
- Multidimensional Representations of Knowledgeof Sound Structure
- Lexical Representations: Probing Underlying Representations Asymmetric Phonological Representations of Words in the Mental Lexicon The Lexicon: Not Just Elusive, But Illusory? The Dynamic Lexicon
- Phonological Elements: The Nature Of Distinctive Features and The Issue of Natural Classes Contrastive Tone and its Implementation Modeling Phonological Category Learning
- Organization of Phonological Elements: Articulatory Representation and Organization The Role of The Syllable Inthe Organization and Realization of Sound Systems The Temporal Implementation of Prosodic Structure
- Prosodic Representations: Prosodic Structure, Constituents, and Their Implementation Segment-To-Tone Association Tonal Alignment
- Phonological Representationsin Language Acquisition: Climbing The Ladder of Abstraction
- Changes In Representations: The Nature of Historical Change The Relationship Between Synchronic Variation and Diachronic Change Modeling Exemplar-Based Phonologization
- Integrating Different Perspectives: Insights From Production, Perception, and Acquisition
- Insights From Perception and Comprehension: How Perceptual and Cognitive Constraints Affect Learning of Speech Categories Representations of Speech Sound Patterns In The Speaker's Brain: Insights From Perception Studies
- Emergent Information-Level Coupling Between Perception and Production
- Insights From Acquisition and Learning: How Phonological Representations Develop During First-Language Acquisition Speech Processing In Bilingual and Multilingual Listeners Second-Language Speech Learning
- Methodologies and Resources
- Corpora, Databases, and Internet Resources: Corpus Phonology with Speech Resources Using The Internet For Collecting Phonological Data Speech Manipulation, Synthesis, and Automatic Recognition in Laboratory Phonology Phonotactic Patterns in Lexical Corpora
- Articulatory Analysis and Acoustic Modeling: Articulatory To Acoustic Modeling Ultrasound As a Tool For Speech Research Methodologies Used to Investigate Laryngeal Function and Aerodynamic Properties of Speech On The Acoustics and Aerodynamics of Fricatives
- Prosodic Analysis: Experimental Methods and Paradigms For Prosodic Analysis Data Collection For Prosodic Analysis of Continuous Speech and Dialectal Variation
- Encoding, Decoding, and Acquisition: Studying The Receptive Phonetic/Phonological System Experimental Methods and Designs To Investigate Phonological Encoding of Spoken Language Measuring Phonetic Perception In Adults Eye Movements As A Dependent Measure In Research On Spoken Language Neurophysiological Techniques In Laboratory Phonology
- Experimental Design and Data Collection: Socially Stratified Sampling in Laboratory-Based Phonological Experimentation Methods For Studying Spontaneous Speech Methods and Experimental Design For Studying Sociophonetic Variation
- Statistical Analyses: Statistics In Laboratory Phonology Mixed-Effects Models Clustering and Classification Methods
Abstract and Keywords
This article introduces a wide range of approaches to using large bodies of data for linguistic research. Corpus analysis for phonological research involves the investigation of the phonetic, phonological, and lexical properties of speech for the purpose of understanding the patterns of variation in the phonetic expression of words, and the distributional patterns of sound elements in relation to the linguistic context. A speech corpus provides a basis for investigating variability in phonetic form and also provides a rich resource for studying the relationship between phonological form and other levels of linguistic structure. Linguistic metadata provides information about the speakers, such as sex, age, ethnicity, and region of residence. Metadata may also provide information about speaker recruitment and recording procedures. Forced alignment is done using algorithms from automatic speech recognition (ASR), and is most successful when each phone associated with the word in its dictionary form is actually fully pronounced. One of the easiest methods of manipulating natural speech is the splicing technique, where parts of a speech signal are cut out, repeated, or cross-spliced with another piece of the signal. The gating technique is another form of natural speech signal manipulation often applied in psycholinguistic experiments, where parts of a speech signal are cut off, and incrementally more of the signal is presented to a listener. Another speech signal manipulation is the mixing of two signals.
Jennifer Cole is Professor in the Department of Linguistics and Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, co-organizer of LabPhon 9, and editor of Laboratory Phonology. Her research interests include phonological theory, prosody, phonetic variability, learning, and speech processing and recognition.
Mark Hasegawa-Johnson is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and associate editor of Laboratory Phonology. His field of interest is speech production and recognition by humans and computers.
Dan Loehr is Principal Engineer, computational linguist, and manager of an artificial intelligence department at the MITRE Corporation. His research interests include the theory and implementation of multimodal conversational systems, especially the contributions of gesture and intonation to discourse.
Linda Van Guilder is a Computational Linguist at Abraxas Corporation. Her interests lie with Natural Language Processing technologies that make language data accessible to the end users focsed particularly on natural language systems engineering.
Henning Reetz is Chair for Phonetics and Phonology at the University of Frankfurt. His research interest is human speech perception and its modeling.
Stefan A. Frisch is Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of South Florida. His research focuses on the representation and processing of words in the mental lexicon, and speech articulation, particularly the articulatory patterns of speech errors.
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