Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article addresses the nature of historical change, focusing on experimental work presenting the motivations and mechanisms for language change. The two models of phonetic variation explaining sound change include Lindblom's H&H theory and Ohala's phonetic listener-based model. A smaller category of sound change falls under the scenario that Ohala calls hypercorrection, whereby the listener performs an unnecessary, inappropriate correction of the signal, and ends up producing a new form. Hypercorrection often results in dissimilation. Gestural reassignment captures the listener's failure to identify correctly the source of a particular property of the signal, as in Ohala's model. Gestural misparsing can also explain cases involving the apparent insertion or deletion of a gesture. The most widely cited formulated model of phonologization is by Hyman. The process involves two steps that include phonetic variation leading to phonological variation (phonologization), and phonological variation leading to distinctive variation (phonemicization). The speech recognition involves a calculation of distance in phonetic space between an auditory stimulus and the stored exemplars, and the application of a classification rule to these distances. Exemplar-based speech production involves generation of an output based on mean phonetic properties of the exemplars of the target category.

Keywords: Lindblom's H&H theory, Ohala's phonetic listener-based model, hypercorrection, vowel shift, speech recognition, exemplar-based speech production

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.