- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Contributors
- Introduction, Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech(Reprint)
- Conceptual Foundations of Phonology as a Laboratory Science (reprint)
- Nature and Types of Variation: Their Interpretation Within a Laboratory Phonology Perspective
- Speaker-Related Variation–Sociophonetic Factors
- Integrating Variation in Phonological Analysis: Variation: Where Laboratory and Theoretical Phonology Meet Modeling Phonological Variation
- Message-Related Variation: Segmental Within-Speaker Variation Tonal Variation
- System-Related Variation
- Multidimensional Representations of Knowledgeof Sound Structure
- Lexical Representations: Probing Underlying Representations Asymmetric Phonological Representations of Words in the Mental Lexicon The Lexicon: Not Just Elusive, But Illusory? The Dynamic Lexicon
- Phonological Elements: The Nature Of Distinctive Features and The Issue of Natural Classes Contrastive Tone and its Implementation Modeling Phonological Category Learning
- Organization of Phonological Elements: Articulatory Representation and Organization The Role of The Syllable Inthe Organization and Realization of Sound Systems The Temporal Implementation of Prosodic Structure
- Prosodic Representations: Prosodic Structure, Constituents, and Their Implementation Segment-To-Tone Association Tonal Alignment
- Phonological Representationsin Language Acquisition: Climbing The Ladder of Abstraction
- Changes In Representations: The Nature of Historical Change The Relationship Between Synchronic Variation and Diachronic Change Modeling Exemplar-Based Phonologization
- Integrating Different Perspectives: Insights From Production, Perception, and Acquisition
- Insights From Perception and Comprehension: How Perceptual and Cognitive Constraints Affect Learning of Speech Categories Representations of Speech Sound Patterns In The Speaker's Brain: Insights From Perception Studies
- Emergent Information-Level Coupling Between Perception and Production
- Insights From Acquisition and Learning: How Phonological Representations Develop During First-Language Acquisition Speech Processing In Bilingual and Multilingual Listeners Second-Language Speech Learning
- Methodologies and Resources
- Corpora, Databases, and Internet Resources: Corpus Phonology with Speech Resources Using The Internet For Collecting Phonological Data Speech Manipulation, Synthesis, and Automatic Recognition in Laboratory Phonology Phonotactic Patterns in Lexical Corpora
- Articulatory Analysis and Acoustic Modeling: Articulatory To Acoustic Modeling Ultrasound As a Tool For Speech Research Methodologies Used to Investigate Laryngeal Function and Aerodynamic Properties of Speech On The Acoustics and Aerodynamics of Fricatives
- Prosodic Analysis: Experimental Methods and Paradigms For Prosodic Analysis Data Collection For Prosodic Analysis of Continuous Speech and Dialectal Variation
- Encoding, Decoding, and Acquisition: Studying The Receptive Phonetic/Phonological System Experimental Methods and Designs To Investigate Phonological Encoding of Spoken Language Measuring Phonetic Perception In Adults Eye Movements As A Dependent Measure In Research On Spoken Language Neurophysiological Techniques In Laboratory Phonology
- Experimental Design and Data Collection: Socially Stratified Sampling in Laboratory-Based Phonological Experimentation Methods For Studying Spontaneous Speech Methods and Experimental Design For Studying Sociophonetic Variation
- Statistical Analyses: Statistics In Laboratory Phonology Mixed-Effects Models Clustering and Classification Methods
Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses the nature of historical change, focusing on experimental work presenting the motivations and mechanisms for language change. The two models of phonetic variation explaining sound change include Lindblom's H&H theory and Ohala's phonetic listener-based model. A smaller category of sound change falls under the scenario that Ohala calls hypercorrection, whereby the listener performs an unnecessary, inappropriate correction of the signal, and ends up producing a new form. Hypercorrection often results in dissimilation. Gestural reassignment captures the listener's failure to identify correctly the source of a particular property of the signal, as in Ohala's model. Gestural misparsing can also explain cases involving the apparent insertion or deletion of a gesture. The most widely cited formulated model of phonologization is by Hyman. The process involves two steps that include phonetic variation leading to phonological variation (phonologization), and phonological variation leading to distinctive variation (phonemicization). The speech recognition involves a calculation of distance in phonetic space between an auditory stimulus and the stored exemplars, and the application of a classification rule to these distances. Exemplar-based speech production involves generation of an output based on mean phonetic properties of the exemplars of the target category.
Ioana Chitoran is Associate Professor of Linguistics in the Linguistics and Cognitive Science Program at Dartmouth College. Her research focuses on the phonetics-phonology interface, and the relation between temporal variability and phonological structure, particularly in Caucasian and Romance languages.
Jonathan Harrington is Professor of Phonetics at the Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, University of Munich. His research is in laboratory phonology, with a particular emphasis on the phonetic bases of sound change.
Robert Kirchner is Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Alberta. His research interests include the phonetics-phonology interface and computational modeling of phonological learning.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.