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date: 23 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The aim of the chapter is twofold: explaining the prerequisites for providing a phonetic/phonological annotation of speech data; and presenting the different systems that can be used to encode the phonetic and phonological events present in the speech signal. Since phonetic/phonological annotation can be seen as the assignment of a label to a specific unit in the data, the segmentation of the speech signal and the assignment of labels are crucial tasks in the annotation process, regardless of the system chosen. As to the presentation of the systems, a distinction can be made between systems that are primarily designed to represent the segmental dimension of the speech signal and those that encode prosodic events such as stress, phrasing, and tonal or intonational patterns. In this chapter, we explore the advantages and limitations of the systems presented by considering the different types of speech data that one may want to annotate (standard data or non-standard data such as acquisition data, pathological speech, etc.) as well as the amount of knowledge about the language spoken that the annotator needs to have in order to successfully transcribe speech with the system in question (whether its phonology is known, etc.).

Keywords: transcription systems, corpus annotation, prosodic transcription, segmental transcription, levels of representation, phonological representation, phonetic representation, orthographic transcription, audio annotation

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