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date: 25 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article addresses the influence of economic development and government policies on food consumption around the world. It shows how an underlying process of economic development and policy change might drive changes in food consumption. It analyzes the interacting influences in a unified framework that could help explain both diversities and similarities. To help make sense of the diverse literature and disparate facts about food consumption changes and differences across countries, this article offers a series of thought experiments about individual decision-making in economic development. It then moves directly to the evidence presented on food prices as influenced by government policies, and on households' actual food consumption choices. The economics approach to food consumption aims to explain our diverse choices in terms of a common decision-making process.

Keywords: economic development, government policies, food consumption, decision-making, choices

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