Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews the literature concerning supervised and unsupervised classification of functional data. It first explains the meaning of unsupervised classification vs. supervised classification before discussing the supervised classification problem in the infinite-dimensional case, showing that its formal statement generally coincides with that of discriminant analysis in the classical multivariate case. It then considers the optimal classifier and plug-in rules, empirical risk and empirical minimization rules, linear discrimination rules, the k nearest neighbor (k-NN) method, and kernel rules. It also describes classification based on partial least squares, classification based on reproducing kernels, and depth-based classification. Finally, it examines unsupervised classification methods, focusing on K-means for functional data, K-means for data in a Hilbert space, and impartial trimmed K-means for functional data. Some practical issues, in particular real-data examples and simulations, are reviewed and some selected proofs are given.
Keywords: functional data, unsupervised classification, supervised classification, linear discrimination rules, k nearest neighbor (k-NN) method, kernel rules, partial least squares, reproducing kernels, depth-based classification, K-means
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