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date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the development and transition of Slovenian self-governance and democracy after gaining independence from Yugoslavia. Until independence, for around seventy years of the twentieth century, the political and legal organization of Slovenia was subordinate to the Yugoslav state. During this period, Slovenia was a state within the socialist Yugoslavia with its own constitution and with a constitutionally defined right to self-determination. This political set-up heavily influenced the political and legal mentality of the Slovenes. In 1990, following a ten-day war and several months of partial international isolation, Slovenia gained independence. And in 1991, Slovenia adopted a new constitution and elected new higher branches of state power. These events marked the foremost and most dramatic phase of Slovenian transition to independent statehood. The second phase of the Slovenian transition is relatively difficult. This phase was compounded by the demands for a new legal system of government and by the demands for the successful functioning of all the three branches of political power: legislative, executive, and judicial. This phase was also complicated by the intense struggle among political parties for political, economic, and wide-ranging dominance. Regardless of the challenges faced by the Slovenian transition, the transition phase was nevertheless successful. By adopting a new constitution in 1991, Slovenia joined the Western European sphere of culture and civilization which is based on constitutionalism and the rule of law. The adoption of the constitution measured the maturity of the Slovenian nation and its politics.

Keywords: transition, Slovenian self-governance, democracy, new constitution, Slovenian transition, independent statehood

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