- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Figures
- List of Maps
- List of Tables
- List of Text Boxes
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Subnational Democracy in Europe: Changing Backgrounds and Theoretical Models
- The United Kingdom: Is there Really an Anglo Model?
- Ireland: Halting Steps Towards Local Democracy
- Belgium: A Tale of Regional Divergence?
- The Netherlands: Subnational Democracy and the Reinvention of Tradition
- Luxembourg: The Challenge of Inclusive Democracy in a ‘Local State’
- Germany: Varieties of Democracy in a Federal System
- Austria: From Consensus to Competition and Participation?
- Switzerland: Subsidiarity, Power‐Sharing, and Direct Democracy
- Denmark: Between Local Democracy and Implementing Agency of the Welfare State
- Finland: The Limits of the Unitary Decentralized Model
- Sweden: Party‐dominated Subnational Democracy Under Challenge?
- Norway: The Decline of Subnational Democracy?
- France: Between Centralization and Fragmentation
- Italy: The Subnational Dimension to Strengthening Democracy Since the 1990s
- Spain: The Consolidation of Strong Regional Governments and the Limits of Local Decentralization
- Portugal: Local Democracy in a Small Centralized Republic
- Greece: A Case of Fragmented Centralism and ‘Behind the Scenes’ Localism
- Malta: Local Government: A Slowly Maturing Process
- Cyprus: Political Modernity and the Structures of Democracy in a Divided Island
- Poland: Europeanization of Subnational Governments
- The Czech Republic: Local Government in the Years after the Reform
- Hungary: Remarkable Successes and Costly Failures: An Evaluation of Subnational Democracy
- Slovakia: Local Government: Establishing Democracy at the Grassroots
- Estonia: Challenges and Lessons of the Development of Local Autonomy
- Latvia: Experiments and Reforms in Decentralization
- Lithuania: Brave Enough to Implement Daring Democratic Reforms?
- Slovenia in Transition: Decentralization as a Goal
- Bulgaria: The Dawn of a New Era of Inclusive Subnational Democracy?
- Romania: From Historical Regions to Local Decentralization via the Unitary State
- European Subnational Democracy: Comparative Reflections and Conclusions
- Structure of Subnational Governments in Europe, 2007
- Subnational finances in Europe
- Trust, importance of local/regional government, and levels of corruption in Europe
- Subject Index
- Name Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the development and transition of Slovenian self-governance and democracy after gaining independence from Yugoslavia. Until independence, for around seventy years of the twentieth century, the political and legal organization of Slovenia was subordinate to the Yugoslav state. During this period, Slovenia was a state within the socialist Yugoslavia with its own constitution and with a constitutionally defined right to self-determination. This political set-up heavily influenced the political and legal mentality of the Slovenes. In 1990, following a ten-day war and several months of partial international isolation, Slovenia gained independence. And in 1991, Slovenia adopted a new constitution and elected new higher branches of state power. These events marked the foremost and most dramatic phase of Slovenian transition to independent statehood. The second phase of the Slovenian transition is relatively difficult. This phase was compounded by the demands for a new legal system of government and by the demands for the successful functioning of all the three branches of political power: legislative, executive, and judicial. This phase was also complicated by the intense struggle among political parties for political, economic, and wide-ranging dominance. Regardless of the challenges faced by the Slovenian transition, the transition phase was nevertheless successful. By adopting a new constitution in 1991, Slovenia joined the Western European sphere of culture and civilization which is based on constitutionalism and the rule of law. The adoption of the constitution measured the maturity of the Slovenian nation and its politics.
Stanka Setnikar‐Cankar is Professor of Economics of the Public Sector in the Faculty of Administration at the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
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