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date: 20 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Despite their marked differences, Belfast and Berlin demonstrate a trait that, since the mid-1970s, has become a defining characteristic of European cities, namely the repositioning of the contemporary urban area through representations of its past. This is the most recent stage in the genesis of postwar European cities which, since 1945, have undergone an as yet incomplete process of radical restructuring that has changed not merely the outward physical appearance of morphologies, buildings, and spaces, but, more fundamentally, the ways in which cities are used and, ultimately, their meanings for those who use them. Urban landscapes constitute a powerful economic resource in that the European city has become a keystone in cultural tourism while the historically referenced landscape is also used to ‘sell’ places. This article explores how cities in Europe have been reconceptualised since 1945, not just as places to live and work, but as sites of memory and culture. The discussion is framed through the lens of heritage.

Keywords: Europe, cities, heritage, culture, memory, cultural tourism, urban landscapes

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