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date: 25 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article analyzes the concept of the Trinity in the Old Testament. It discusses the history-of-religions approach which correlates certain developments within Israel's worship of one God with what Christians identified as distinct hypostases in God and proposes an alternative approach which involves recognizing that descriptions of Israel's God may have not only a referent within ancient Israel but also a further divinely intended referent. It concludes that the Trinity in the Old Testament is not an invitation to search for threesomes in the scriptures of Israel, but instead is tied up with a proper understanding and confession about how the literal sense speaks of its divine referent.

Keywords: Trinity, Old Testament, Israel, God, Christians, hypostases, scriptures, divine referent

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