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date: 23 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In a manner reflecting the spirit of the Age of Enlightenment many philosophers in the British Isles wondered whether a sound intellectual underpinning could be provided for revealed religion. The chapter contains an account of the difficulties they identified and of the attempts they made to resolve them. First the chapter describes the spirit of the Age of Enlightenment, then states why the Enlightenment thinkers had such a lively interest in revealed religion, and finally attends to significant texts by Scottish and English philosophers, in particular Locke, Hume and George Campbell, in order to show how their broader philosophical doctrines shaped their response to claims made on behalf of the validity of alleged religious revelations. It will become evident that these claims produced dramatically different responses within the Enlightenment philosophical community.

Keywords: Locke, Hume, Campbell, Enlightenment, revealed religion, Calvinist, miracle

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