- List of Illustrations and Tables
- List of Contributors
- Medicine and Health in the Graeco-Roman World
- Medieval Medicine
- Early Modern Medicine
- Health and Medicine in the Enlightenment
- Medicine and Modernity
- Contemporary History of Medicine and Health
- Global and Local Histories of Medicine: Interpretative Challenges and Future Possibilities
- Chinese Medicine
- Medicine in Islam and Islamic Medicine
- Medicine in Western Europe
- History of Medicine in Eastern Europe, Including Russia
- Science and Medicine in the United States of America
- Public Health and Medicine in Latin America
- History of Medicine in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Medicine and Colonialism in South Asia since 1500
- History of Medicine in Australia and New Zealand
- Childhood and Adolescence
- Medicine and Old Age
- Historical Demography and Epidemiology: The Meta-Narrative Challenge
- Chronic Illness and Disease History
- Public Health
- The Political Economy of Health Care in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
- Health, Work, and Environment: A Hippocratic Turn in Medical History
- History of Science and Medicine
- Women, Health, and Medicine
- Health and Sexuality
- Medicine and the Mind
- Medical Ethics and the Law
- Medicine and Species: One Medicine, One History?
- Histories of Heterodoxy
- Oral Testimony and the History of Medicine
- Medical Film and Television: An Alternative Path to the Cultures of Biomedicine
Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on a number of developments that have made the place of Graeco-Roman medicine in surveys of the history of medicine. A further development discussed is that medical history now also prominently includes the topic of health, both physical and mental health and related topics such as lifestyle, quality of life, well-being, fitness, and ‘flourishing’. It identifies a number of different mental states or conditions on a scale from an optimum to a pessimum, and thus presents a good example of the scalar, gradualist view of health characteristic of Greek medicine. This article shows philosophy competing with medicine for the role of authoritative guide to health, mental as well as physical, and diagnostic as well as therapeutic. The study of Graeco-Roman medicine has profited significantly from connections and comparisons with the study of the history of medicine, science, and culture from other time frames and other parts of the world.
Philip Van Der Eijk is Professor of Greek at Newcastle University. He has published widely on ancient philosophy, medicine and science, comparative literature, and patristics. He is the author of Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity (2005), Diocles of Carystus (2000–2001), Philoponus, On Aristotle On the Soul 1 (2005–6), and Aristoteles, De insomniis, De divinatione per somnum (1994). He has edited and coauthored Ancient Histories of Medicine (1999) and coedited Ancient Medicine in Its Socio‐Cultural Context (1995).
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