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date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter will explore how James’s pragmatism and British philosophy were intertwined during the first decades of the twentieth century. James’s influence on the Oxford pragmatist F. C.S. Schiller is well known. So is his negative impact on the Cambridge philosophers Bertrand Russell and G. E. Moore, who took themselves to be resolutely anti-pragmatist. This “Ten Years War” will be examined in some detail. But what is less known is James’s positive influence on Cambridge philosophy. We shall see that Russell made a pragmatist turn after James’s death, and that move heavily influenced the young and brilliant Frank Ramsey. In turn, Ramsey, the only philosopher Wittgenstein rated highly, influenced Wittgenstein. Those ripples of influence continued well after Ramsey’s death at the age of 26 in 1930.

Keywords: William James, Schiller, Russell, Moore, Ramsey, Wittgenstein, belief, truth

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