- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making
- Editors’ Introduction
- Rational Choice Theory, Heuristics, and Biases
- Evolutionary Approaches to Rational Choice
- Multiple Interpretations of Rationality in Offender Decision Making
- Situational Crime Prevention and Offender Decision Making
- Biosocial Criminology and Models of Criminal Decision Making
- Perceptual Deterrence
- Game Theory
- Dual-Process Models of Criminal Decision Making
- Personality and Offender Decision Making: The Theoretical, Empirical, and Practical Implications for Criminology
- Temporal Discounting, Present Orientation, and Criminal Deterrence
- The Role of Moral Beliefs, Shame, and Guilt in Criminal Decision Making: An Overview of Theoretical Frameworks and Empirical Results
- Neural Mechanisms of Criminal Decision Making in Adolescence: The Roles of Executive Functioning and Empathy
- Social Learner Decision Making: Matching Theory as a Unifying Framework for Recasting a General Theory
- Victim Selection
- Co-offending and Co-offender Selection
- Informal Guardians and Offender Decision Making
- Police and Offender Choices: A Framework
- Crime Location Choice: State of the Art and Avenues for Future Research
- High Stakes: The Role of Weapons in Offender Decision Making
- The Effect of Alcohol and Arousal on Criminal Decision Making
- Emotions in Offender Decision Making
- Experimental Designs in the Study of Offender Decision Making
- Observational Methods of Offender Decision Making
- Understanding Offender Decision Making Using Surveys, Interviews, and Life Event Calendars
- Simulating Crime Event Decision Making: Agent-Based Social Simulations in Criminology
- Modeling Offender Decision Making with Secondary Data
- “Deciding” to Kill: Understanding Homicide Offenders’ Decision Making
- Cold-Blooded and Badass: A “Hot/Cool” Approach to Understanding Carjackers’ Decisions
- The Reasoning Sex Offender
- Burglary Decisions
- Offender Decision Making in Corporate and White-Collar Crime
- Organized Crime and Protection Rackets
Abstract and Keywords
A growing body of research on offender decision making has focused on studying the use of heuristic biases, or cognitive shortcuts taken in certain situations, when offenders make decisions in the face of uncertainty. The idea is that when offenders (or any individuals) are contemplating uncertain decisions with limited time, information, or resources to make a rational choice calculus, heuristics enable a suitable decision to be reached quickly. However, often heuristics can lead to biases, errors, preference reversals, or suboptimal decisions. This chapter considers departures from rational behavior and heuristics and biases, specifically how the latter have been integrated into the study of offenders’ choice calculus. In particular, it reviews how biases and deviations from rationality have been routinely observed when studying offender decisions.
Megan Eileen Collins is a doctoral student in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. Her research interests include gun violence and markets, procedural justice, policing, and public policy.
Thomas A. Loughran is Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. His research interests include offender decision making and deterrence, illegal market participation, public policy, and methods for inferring treatment effects from nonexperimental data.
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