- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Boxes
- List of Contributors
- Innovation in the Making
- The Innovative Firm
- Networks of Innovators
- Innovation Processes
- Organizational Innovation
- Measuring Innovation
- The Systemic Nature of Innovation
- Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges
- Universities in National Innovation Systems
- Finance and Innovation
- Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights
- The Geography of Innovation: Regional Innovation Systems
- Globalization of Innovation: The Role of Multinational Enterprises
- How Innovation Differs
- Innovation through Time
- Sectoral Systems: How and Why Innovation Differs across Sectors
- Innovation In “Low-Tech” Industries
- Innovation in Services
- Innovation and Diffusion
- Innovation and Performance
- Innovation and Economic Growth
- Innovation and Catching-Up
- Innovation and Competitiveness
- Innovation and Employment
- Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy
Abstract and Keywords
“Catch-up” relates to the ability of a single country to narrow the gap in productivity and income vis-à-vis a leader country, while “convergence” refers to a trend towards a reduction of the overall differences in productivity and income in the world as a whole. Successful catch-up has historically been associated not merely with the adoption of existing techniques in established industries, but also with innovation, particularly of the organizational kind, and with inroads into nascent industries. This article discusses some of the perspectives that have emerged in the catching up literature. It extends the perspective to the most recent decades, compares cases of successful catch-up to less successful ones, and considers the lessons that may be drawn. Finally, it raises the question of what present day developing countries can learn, particularly with respect to policy, from the literature on innovation and catching up.
Jan Fagerberg, Professor, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture (TIK), University of Oslo.
Manuel M. Godinho, Associate Professor, ISEG, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa.
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