- the oxford handbooks of American Politics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- About the Contributors
- A Heritage Made Our Own
- Historical Institutionalism, Political Development, and the Study of American Bureaucracy
- The “First New Federalism” and the Development of the Administrative State, 1883–1929
- A Gendered Legacy?: The Progressive Reform Era Revisited
- Reevaluating Executive‐Centered Public Administrative Theory
- Metaphors and the Development of American Bureaucracy
- Herbert Hoover's Revenge: Politics, Policy, and Administrative Reform Movements
- Agency Theory and the Bureaucracy
- Agency Design and Evolution
- Goal Ambiguity and the Study of American Bureaucracy
- Street‐Level Bureaucracy Theory
- The Promises and Paradoxes of Performance‐Based Bureaucracy
- Leading Through Cultural Change
- Postmodernism, Bureaucracy, and Democracy
- Myths, Markets, and the <i>Visible Hand</i> of American Bureaucracy
- Networking in the Shadow of Bureaucracy
- The Promises, Performance, and Pitfalls of Government Contracting
- Reluctant Partners?: Nonprofit Collaboration, Social Entrepreneurship, and Leveraged Volunteerism
- Policy Tools, Mandates, and Intergovernmental Relations
- Promises, Perils, and Performance of Netcentric Bureaucracy
- Multilevel Methods in the Study of Bureaucracy
- Legislative Delegation of Authority to Bureaucratic Agencies
- “Presidentializing” the Bureaucracy
- Bureaucracy, Democracy, and Judicial Review
- Interest Groups, Rulemaking, and American Bureaucracy
- Policymaking, Bureaucratic Discretion, and Overhead Democracy
- Choice‐Theoretic Approaches to Bureaucratic Structure
- Has Governance Eclipsed Government?
- Revitalizing Human Resources Management
- Representative Bureaucracy
- Innovations in Budgeting and Financial Management
- The Prospects for Revitalizing Ethics in a New Governance Era
- Experimental Methods, Agency Incentives, and the Study of Bureaucratic Behavior
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article first describes the relationship between intergovernmental relationships(IGR) and networking, partnerships, performance, accountability, governance, the new public management (NPM), and the policy processes. It then discusses the implications of policy tool choices for IGR. The nature of the tool chosen to implement national goals can significantly affect the degrees of freedom and fiscal fortunes of state and local governments. It is followed by an analysis of the relationship between IGR and partnerships. Offered is a comparison of the tools and implementation issues associated with four major policy initiatives: the Real ID Act, the No Child Left Behind Act, the Help America Vote Act, and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. Each of the examples shows the complexity of intergovernmental relationships and the shifts that occur as the program moves along the policy formulation and implementation path. The article further determines several of the most promising areas for future research.
Keywords: intergovernmental relationships, policy tool, networking, partnerships, governance, new public management, Real ID Act, No Child Left Behind Act, Help America Vote Act, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program
Beryl A. Radin is Scholar in Residence in the School of Public Affairs at American University.
Paul Posner is Director of the Public Administration Program at George Mason University. He is also President of the American Society for Public Administration and Fellow and Chair of the Federal Systems Panel at the National Academy of Public Administration.
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