- The Oxford Handbook of International Business 2nd edition
- Preface to Second Edition
- Preface to First Edition
- Acknowledgements for Second Edition
- Acknowledgements for First Edition
- The History of the Multinational Enterprise
- The Key Literature on IB Activities: 1960–2006
- The Gravity Equation in International Trade
- Strategic Complexity in International Business
- Theories of the Multinational Enterprise
- Location, Competitiveness, and the Multinational Enterprise
- Sovereignty@Bay: Globalization, Multinational Enterprise, and the International Political System
- National Policies and Domestic Politics
- Multinational Enterprises and Public Policy
- Unbundling the Institution‐Based View of International Business Strategy
- Multilateral Institutions and Policies: Implications for Multinational Business Strategy
- Strategy and the Multinational Enterprise
- The Multinational Enterprise as an Organization
- Strategy and Management In MNE Subsidiaries
- Strategic Alliances
- Innovation and Information Technology in the MNE
- Contemporary Research Trends in International Marketing: The 2000s
- Culture and Human Resources Management
- Environmental Policy and International Business
- International Financial Management and Multinational Enterprises
- Taxes, Transfer Pricing, and The Multinational Enterprise
- China and International Business
- The Smaller Economies of Pacific Asia and Their Business Systems
- Methodological Contributions in International Business and the Direction of Academic Research Activity
- Political Risk and Country Risk in International Business: Concepts and Measures
- Comparative International Business Research Methods : Pitfalls and Practicalities
- Metrics for International Business Research
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article analyses the interactions between environmental policy and international business. More specifically, a conceptual framework is developed which allows us to classify the various types of environmental regulations facing firms engaged in international business. In addition, an analysis is performed of the different environmental strategies that can be pursued by multinational enterprises (MNEs). During the past few decades, environmental issues have increasingly come to the forefront, both on public policy agendas and in corporate boardrooms. Specialized academic journals have been introduced that focus exclusively on environmental issues. Moreover, many of the mainstream economics and management journals now regularly publish articles dealing with the environmental policy–corporate strategy interface. However, only a few publications have, so far, included conceptual insights specifically useful to international business. In contrast, this article focuses specifically on international business research issues.
Alan M. Rugman is Professor for International Business in the Henley Business School at the University of Reading.
Alain Verbeke is the McCaig Chair in Management at the University of Calgary and Professor of International Business at the University of Brussels.
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