- Copyright Page
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Know Thyself
- Intellectual Prehistory: Introduction
- Psychoanalytic Theory: A Historical Reconstruction
- From Recognition to Intersubjectivity: Hegel and Psychoanalysis
- Schopenhauer and Freud
- From <i>Geschlechtstrieb</i> to <i>Sexualtrieb</i>: the Originality of Freud’s Conception of Sexuality
- A Better Self: Freud and Nietzsche on the Nature and Value of Sublimation
- Twentieth-Century Engagements: Introduction
- Merleau-Ponty and Psychoanalysis
- Wittgenstein and Psychoanalysis
- ‘In Psychoanalysis Nothing Is True but the Exaggerations’: Freud and the Frankfurt School
- Ricœur’s Freud
- Clinical Theory: Introduction
- Imagination and Reason, Method and Mourning in Freudian Psychoanalysis
- ‘A Ritual of Discourse’: Conceptualizing and Reconceptualizing the Analytic Relationship
- Symbolism, the Primary Process, and Dreams: Freud’s Contribution
- Integrating Unconscious Belief
- Making the Unconscious Conscious
- Phenomenology and Science: Introduction
- Complexities in the Evaluation of the Scientific Status of Psychoanalysis
- Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience
- How Should We Understand the Psychoanalytic Unconscious?
- A New Kind of Song: Psychoanalysis as Revelation
- Body Memory and the Unconscious
- Aesthetics: Introduction
- On Richard Wollheim’s Psychoanalytically Informed Philosophy of Art
- Literary Form and Mentalization
- Psychoanalysis and Film
- Religion: Introduction
- Psychoanalysis and Religion
- Psychoanalytic Thinking on Religious Truth and Conviction
- The No-Thing of God: Psychoanalysis of Religion After Lacan
- Ethics: Introduction
- Hiding From Love: The Repressed Insight in Freud’s Account of Morality
- Human Excellence and Psychic Health in Psychoanalysis
- Evolution, Childhood, and the Moral Self
- Politics and Society: Introduction
- Psychoanalysis, Politics, and Society: What Remains Radical in Psychoanalysis?
- Epistemic Anxiety
- Psychoanalysis in the Twenty-First Century: Does Gender Matter?
- Political Philosophy in Freud: War, Destruction, and the Critical Faculty
- Index of Names
- General Index
Abstract and Keywords
This section of the Handbook consists of four chapters that focus on the different ways in which twentieth-century philosophers engaged with psychoanalysis. The first chapter examines Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s existential-phenomenological reformulation of the psychoanalytic unconscious, with emphasis on his argument that the unconscious is an all-pervasive invisible ‘atmosphere’ (atmosphère) inexorably surrounding the lived-body and shaping all our emotional experience. The second chapter considers Ludwig Wittgenstein’s philosophical critique of psychoanalysis and how he drew on Sigmund Freud’s writings to test his new linguistic methods in philosophy. The third chapter describes how the Frankfurt School used Freudian psychoanalysis to bolster its Marxist critique of modern society, citing as an example Theodor W. Adorno, who offered an explanation of how fascist mass movements occurred by drawing on Freud’s theory of narcissism. The last chapter discusses the key hermeneutic themes found in Paul Ricoeur’s engagement with Freud in his book Freud and Philosophy.
Dr Richard Gipps is a clinical psychologist in private psychotherapy practice in Oxford, UK, and an associate of the Philosophy Faculty at the University of Oxford. He convenes the Philosophy Special Interest Group of the Institute of Psychoanalysis, the Oxford Interdisciplinary Seminars in Psychoanalysis, and the Making the Unconscious Conscious seminar series. His research interests lie in psychoanalysis, psychosis, existential phenomenology, and Wittgenstein.
Dr Michael Lacewing is a former Vice-Principal Academic and Reader in Philosophy at Heythrop College, London, an Honorary Reader in Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology at University College, London, and a teacher of philosophy and theology at Christ's Hospital School, Sussex. He has published widely in philosophy of psychoanalysis, metaethics and moral psychology, alongside writing textbooks for A level philosophy and training in Philosophy for Children (P4C).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.