- The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law
- List of Contributors
- Intellectual Property Law: An Anatomical Overview
- The Basic Structure of Intellectual Property Law
- What Kind of Rights Are Intellectual Property Rights?
- Intellectual Property as a Public Interest Mechanism
- Intellectual Property and Human Rights: Mapping an Evolving and Contested Relationship
- Intellectual Property Incentives: Economics and Policy Implications
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Western Europe
- The Emergence and Development of the International Intellectual Property System
- The Emergence and Development of United States Intellectual Property Law
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Canada
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Australia and New Zealand
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Central and Eastern Europe
- Intellectual Property in Asia: ASEAN, East Asia, and India
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in the Middle East
- Three Centuries and Counting: The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Africa
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in South America
- Patents and Related Rights: A Global Kaleidoscope
- Trade Marks and Allied Rights
- Design Protection
- Rights in Data and Information
- Overlapping Rights
- Intellectual Property Licensing
- Cross-Border Intellectual Property Enforcement
- Users, Patents, and Innovation Policy
- Traditional Knowledge, Indigenous Peoples, and Local Communities
- Intellectual Property, Development, and Access to Knowledge
- Workers in the “Groves of Academe”: The Claim of Academics to Copyright and Patents
- Intellectual Property Meets the Internet
- Intellectual Property and Competition Law
- Intellectual Property and Private Ordering
- Intellectual Property and Public Health
- Intellectual Property and Climate Change
Abstract and Keywords
While this chapter considers the significant differences between the Central and Eastern European countries, their common pasts of centrally planned economies and difficulty of transitioning to a market economy justifies reviewing their intellectual property (IP) laws together. The overwhelming majority of these countries are party to the treaties—as well as EU directives—which determine the basic elements of their national IP laws. Nevertheless, certain features of their former “socialist” IP systems may also play a part in, for example, their regulation of original ownership and transferability of rights; their contractual and tariff systems; and their organizational structures, particularly in the field of collective management of copyright. Other specific features have also emerged as a result of the difficult transition processes, such as higher levels of counterfeiting and piracy.
Keywords: Socialist IP systems, ideology and law, transition economy, industrial property rights, copyright and related rights, transfer of rights and IP contracts, IP administration, collective management of copyright, counterfeiting and piracy, enforcement of rights
Mihály Ficsor is President of the Hungarian Copyright Council and former Assistant Director General of WIPO.
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