- The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law
- List of Contributors
- Intellectual Property Law: An Anatomical Overview
- The Basic Structure of Intellectual Property Law
- What Kind of Rights Are Intellectual Property Rights?
- Intellectual Property as a Public Interest Mechanism
- Intellectual Property and Human Rights: Mapping an Evolving and Contested Relationship
- Intellectual Property Incentives: Economics and Policy Implications
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Western Europe
- The Emergence and Development of the International Intellectual Property System
- The Emergence and Development of United States Intellectual Property Law
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Canada
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Australia and New Zealand
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Central and Eastern Europe
- Intellectual Property in Asia: ASEAN, East Asia, and India
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in the Middle East
- Three Centuries and Counting: The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Africa
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in South America
- Patents and Related Rights: A Global Kaleidoscope
- Trade Marks and Allied Rights
- Design Protection
- Rights in Data and Information
- Overlapping Rights
- Intellectual Property Licensing
- Cross-Border Intellectual Property Enforcement
- Users, Patents, and Innovation Policy
- Traditional Knowledge, Indigenous Peoples, and Local Communities
- Intellectual Property, Development, and Access to Knowledge
- Workers in the “Groves of Academe”: The Claim of Academics to Copyright and Patents
- Intellectual Property Meets the Internet
- Intellectual Property and Competition Law
- Intellectual Property and Private Ordering
- Intellectual Property and Public Health
- Intellectual Property and Climate Change
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter surveys the emergence and development of Intellectual Property (IP) law in Continental Europe and Britain. The story begins largely in the middle ages with the grant of territorially-confined inventors’ and printers’ privileges, and traces the development of these privileges into the four main species of IP rights recognized throughout the world today. A key theme is the varied national histories that underpin the development of each IP right even within the geographical confines and relative social and political homogeneity of Western Europe, and the extent of modern IP law’s embeddedness in the industrial and cultural development of individual states. The chapter ends with an account of the emergence of a European perspective on IP, as expressed in the nineteenth-century Paris and Berne Conventions, and its development by general and IP-specific European communities, including the EU, which has established unitary patent, trademark, and design rights for its Member States.
Catherine Seville was Fellow, Vice-Principal and Director of Studies in Law, Newnham College and Reader in Law, Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge.
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