- The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Paradox
- Foreword: Paradox in Organizational Theory
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Paradoxes of Paradox
- Ad Fontes: Philosophical Foundations of Paradox Research
- Psychoanalytic Theory, Emotion, and Organizational Paradox
- A Road Map of the Paradoxical Mind: Expanding Cognitive Theories on Organizational Paradox
- What Paradox?: Developing a Process Syntax for Organizational Research
- Organizational Dialectics
- Circumventing the Logic and Limits of Representation: <i>Otherness</i> in East–West Approaches to Paradox
- Critical Management Studies and Paradox
- Beyond Managerial Dilemmas: The Study of Institutional Paradoxes in Organization Theory
- Paradoxes of Organizational Identity
- Alternate Prisms for Pluralism and Paradox in Organizations
- Paradox in Positive Organizational Scholarship
- Managing Normative Tensions within and across Organizations: What Can the Economies of Worth and Paradox Frameworks Learn from Each Other?
- The Role of Irony and Metaphor in Working through Paradox during Organizational Change
- Reflections on the Paradoxes of Modernity: A Conversation with James March
- Paradox at an Inter-Firm Level: A Coopetition Lens
- Pathways to Ambidexterity: A Process Perspective on the Exploration–Exploitation Paradox
- Gender and Organizational Paradox
- Navigating the Paradoxes of Sustainability
- The Paradoxes of Time in Organizations
- On Organizational Circularity: Vicious and Virtuous Cycles in Organizing
- Tensions in Managing Human Resources: Introducing a Paradox Framework and Research Agenda
- Looking at Creativity through a Paradox Lens: Deeper Understanding and New Insights
- “I Am … I Said”: Paradoxical Tensions of Individual Identity
- The Paradoxical Mystery of the Missing Differences between Academics and Practitioners
- Paradox in Everyday Practice: Applying Practice-Theoretical Principles to Paradox
- Methods of Paradox
- Expanding the Paradox–Pedagogy Links: Paradox as a Threshold Concept in Management Education
- Paradox and Polarities: Finding Common Ground and Moving Forward Together: A Case Study of Polarity Thinking and Action in Charleston, South Carolina
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter argues that paradox arises, not from our phenomenal experience, but from our efforts at conceptualizing it through the logic of comprehension dominating Western thought. It identifies an Aristotelian-inspired “Being” ontology and a corresponding representationalist epistemology as the primary underlying cause of paradox in truth claims made on empirical observations. Drawing on a Heraclitean-inspired tradition in the West, this chapter shows how paradox may be circumnavigated through an alternative logic of Otherness. Underlying this metaphysical outlook is an ontology of Becoming, which takes flux and change as pervasive and inexorable. Language and logic are thus seen as futile attempts to fix the unfixable. Embracing a Becoming world view of reality enables us to recognize the limits of logic and representation and hence develop more nuanced and oblique modes of communication and responses. A Becoming world view sensitizes us to a necessary Otherness always already immanent in representational truth claims.
Robert Chia is Professor of International Management at the Graduate Business School, University of St Andrews. He holds a PhD in Organisation Studies and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. Prior to entering academia he worked in a senior management position for a large multinational corporation based in Singapore. He is the author/editor of several books and international journal articles ranging from topics such as process philosophy, the postmodern critique of representation, strategic foresight and leadership, entrepreneurship, management education, East-West mentalities, and the nature of performative action. He has consulted extensively with well-known international organisations and institutions such as the International Federation of Red Cross (Geneva), British Airways. BNFL. British Aerospace, Ciba-Geigy and Cathay Pacific Airlines and remains deeply committed to executive education.
Ajit Nayak, University of Exeter, UK.
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