- The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Paradox
- Foreword: Paradox in Organizational Theory
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Paradoxes of Paradox
- Ad Fontes: Philosophical Foundations of Paradox Research
- Psychoanalytic Theory, Emotion, and Organizational Paradox
- A Road Map of the Paradoxical Mind: Expanding Cognitive Theories on Organizational Paradox
- What Paradox?: Developing a Process Syntax for Organizational Research
- Organizational Dialectics
- Circumventing the Logic and Limits of Representation: <i>Otherness</i> in East–West Approaches to Paradox
- Critical Management Studies and Paradox
- Beyond Managerial Dilemmas: The Study of Institutional Paradoxes in Organization Theory
- Paradoxes of Organizational Identity
- Alternate Prisms for Pluralism and Paradox in Organizations
- Paradox in Positive Organizational Scholarship
- Managing Normative Tensions within and across Organizations: What Can the Economies of Worth and Paradox Frameworks Learn from Each Other?
- The Role of Irony and Metaphor in Working through Paradox during Organizational Change
- Reflections on the Paradoxes of Modernity: A Conversation with James March
- Paradox at an Inter-Firm Level: A Coopetition Lens
- Pathways to Ambidexterity: A Process Perspective on the Exploration–Exploitation Paradox
- Gender and Organizational Paradox
- Navigating the Paradoxes of Sustainability
- The Paradoxes of Time in Organizations
- On Organizational Circularity: Vicious and Virtuous Cycles in Organizing
- Tensions in Managing Human Resources: Introducing a Paradox Framework and Research Agenda
- Looking at Creativity through a Paradox Lens: Deeper Understanding and New Insights
- “I Am … I Said”: Paradoxical Tensions of Individual Identity
- The Paradoxical Mystery of the Missing Differences between Academics and Practitioners
- Paradox in Everyday Practice: Applying Practice-Theoretical Principles to Paradox
- Methods of Paradox
- Expanding the Paradox–Pedagogy Links: Paradox as a Threshold Concept in Management Education
- Paradox and Polarities: Finding Common Ground and Moving Forward Together: A Case Study of Polarity Thinking and Action in Charleston, South Carolina
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter contrasts the modernist and postmodernist approaches to gender and organizational paradox, contradictions, and dialectics. Modernist scholarship highlights identity, visibility, and meritocracy paradoxes that treat gender as a dualism linked to double binds and inequality. Postmodern feminist research focuses on the doing or performing of gender that casts paradox as an opportunity to negotiate new identities and organizational forms. In this view, paradoxical tensions that stem from performing gender and diversity often lead to ambiguity, ambivalence, and dissonance that can create spaces for actions. The contrast of the two approaches shows how organizational paradox is not only indispensable to the product ion of gender and power but also to the ontology of organizations.
Linda L. Putnam is Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research interests include negotiation and organizational conflict, discourse analysis in organizations, and communication constitutes organization. She is the author of over 150 articles and book chapters and the co-editor of ten books, including The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Communication (3rd edition, in press).
Karen Lee Ashcraft is Professor of Organizational Communication at the University of Colorado Boulder. Her research examines organizational forms and occupational identities, with a guiding interest in relations of power and difference, specifically gender, race, sexuality, and class. Her work appears in numerous management and communication journals, such as the Academy of Management Journal, Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Review, Communication Theory, and Management Communication Quarterly, as well as in the book Reworking Gender (Sage, 2004). Her most recent project investigates the historical and contemporary evolution of professional identities in the context of commercial aviation.
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