- The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Paradox
- Foreword: Paradox in Organizational Theory
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Paradoxes of Paradox
- Ad Fontes: Philosophical Foundations of Paradox Research
- Psychoanalytic Theory, Emotion, and Organizational Paradox
- A Road Map of the Paradoxical Mind: Expanding Cognitive Theories on Organizational Paradox
- What Paradox?: Developing a Process Syntax for Organizational Research
- Organizational Dialectics
- Circumventing the Logic and Limits of Representation: <i>Otherness</i> in East–West Approaches to Paradox
- Critical Management Studies and Paradox
- Beyond Managerial Dilemmas: The Study of Institutional Paradoxes in Organization Theory
- Paradoxes of Organizational Identity
- Alternate Prisms for Pluralism and Paradox in Organizations
- Paradox in Positive Organizational Scholarship
- Managing Normative Tensions within and across Organizations: What Can the Economies of Worth and Paradox Frameworks Learn from Each Other?
- The Role of Irony and Metaphor in Working through Paradox during Organizational Change
- Reflections on the Paradoxes of Modernity: A Conversation with James March
- Paradox at an Inter-Firm Level: A Coopetition Lens
- Pathways to Ambidexterity: A Process Perspective on the Exploration–Exploitation Paradox
- Gender and Organizational Paradox
- Navigating the Paradoxes of Sustainability
- The Paradoxes of Time in Organizations
- On Organizational Circularity: Vicious and Virtuous Cycles in Organizing
- Tensions in Managing Human Resources: Introducing a Paradox Framework and Research Agenda
- Looking at Creativity through a Paradox Lens: Deeper Understanding and New Insights
- “I Am … I Said”: Paradoxical Tensions of Individual Identity
- The Paradoxical Mystery of the Missing Differences between Academics and Practitioners
- Paradox in Everyday Practice: Applying Practice-Theoretical Principles to Paradox
- Methods of Paradox
- Expanding the Paradox–Pedagogy Links: Paradox as a Threshold Concept in Management Education
- Paradox and Polarities: Finding Common Ground and Moving Forward Together: A Case Study of Polarity Thinking and Action in Charleston, South Carolina
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter contributes to the research and practice of creativity by increasing awareness of the inherently paradoxical nature of creativity, and offering strategies for managing the paradox. The authors’ framework delineates contradictory yet interrelated creativity outcomes, processes and identities of individuals, leaders, and groups. They highlight the paradox of creativity from multiple perspectives and suggest that when engaging in creativity, people experience paradoxical thoughts, processes, goals, identities, and perspectives. Creative people need to be generative and evaluative, flexible and persistent, passionate and disciplined, and learning and performance orientated. Drawing from related research on innovation management, attention control, and goal setting, we discuss strategies for achieving both novelty and usefulness including using paradoxical frames, task switching, pursuing contradictory goals, and gaining experience in different cultural contexts that stress different aspects of the creative process.
Ella Miron-Spektor, Assistant Professor of Organizational Psychology, Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology
Miriam Erez is professor (emeritus) of organizational psychology and management, Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management, Technion, Israel. Her three research topics focus on “the journey of the idea”—innovation management, cross-cultural and global organizational behavior, and work motivation. She has co-authored and co-edited five books, and over one hundred journal papers and book chapters. Erez received the 2002 IAAP Distinguished Scientific Award and the 2005 Israel Prize in Administrative Sciences. She is fellow of AOM, APA, SIOP, IAAP. She has advised about a hundred master and doctoral students and she is currently associate editor of the Journal of International Business Studies and of Cross Cultural & Strategic Management.
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