- The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention
- Crime Prevention and Public Policy
- Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending
- Risk and Protective Factors for Offending
- Preventing Crime Through Intervention in the Preschool Years
- Parent Training and the Prevention of Crime
- Child Social Skills Training in the Prevention of Antisocial Development and Crime
- Developmental Approaches in the Prevention of Female Offending
- Community-Level Influences on Crime and Offending
- Disorder and Crime
- Poverty Deconcentration and the Prevention of Crime
- Peer Influence, Mentoring, and the Prevention of Crime
- Comprehensive Community Partnerships for Preventing Crime
- Community-Based Substance Use Prevention
- Schools and Prevention
- Situational Crime Prevention: Classifying Techniques Using “Good Enough” Theory
- High Crime Places, Times, and Offenders
- Crime Displacement and Diffusion of Benefits
- Place-Based Crime Prevention: Theory, Evidence, and Policy
- The Private Sector and Designing Products against Crime
- Once Bitten, Twice Shy: Repeat Victimization and its Prevention
- Implementing Crime Prevention: Good Governance and a Science of Implementation
- The Importance of Randomized Experiments in Evaluating Crime Prevention
- Preventing Future Criminal Activities of Delinquents and Offenders
- Public Opinion and Crime Prevention: A Review of International Trends
- The Science and Politics of Crime Prevention: Toward a New Crime Policy
Abstract and Keywords
Most of the traditional theories of crime only focused on one stage in life, namely the teenage years, because criminologists believed that adolescence was the period when participation in illegal activities increased. This resulted in a wide range of “theories of delinquency” in criminology. This article studies several developmental and life-course theories that help in understanding crime across the lives of people. One of these is Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi's claim that steady criminal behavior across life is caused by low self-control, a characteristic that was established during childhood. Another is the perspective, labeling theory, which warns that efforts to prevent people from offending can lead to an increase in criminality.
Francis T. Cullen, PhD, is Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice and Senior Research Associate at the University of Cincinnati.
Michael L. Benson, PhD, is Professor of Criminology and Director of the Center for Criminal Justice Research at the University of Cincinnati.
Matthew D. Makarios is an Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside.
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