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date: 22 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Suicide and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) continue to be significant behavioral health concerns for adolescents and adults. Research is progressing with regard to understanding these two behaviors and the connection they share. However, a number of questions remain. Complicating current understanding of either behavior is the high co-occurrence between suicide and NSSI, the degree of risk correlates shared, and blurred definitional guidelines. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the existing literature in an effort to synthesize the current knowledge about what constitutes NSSI versus suicidal behavior, and how the two behaviors truly differ from each other across a number of descriptive features, demographic characteristics, and psychosocial variables. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the relationship between NSSI and suicide attempts, offering directions for future research in this area.

Keywords: suicide, nonsuicidal self-injury, differences, characteristics, intent, psychopathology

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