Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Consistent definitions of suicide and the full spectrum of suicidal phenomena are critical for suicide prevention and the advancement of knowledge across disciplines. Historically, the absences of conceptual clarity, uniform nomenclature, and standardized assessment methods have blended definitional boundaries between suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation. The range of suicidal behavior was restricted to suicide and suicide attempts, and it did not include or distinguish between these and other types of suicidal behavior now known to be related to suicide. The most significant advancement in the classification of suicide includes partial or “nonzero” intent to die as both a sufficient and necessary criterion, which may be stated or inferred from the self-injury lethality or surrounding circumstances. These key developments should inform the adoption of an internationally accepted diagnostic system for naming and classifying suicidal behavior and ideation, which in turn should guide medical, legal, and scientific communication.

Keywords: suicide, nomenclature, classification, suicidal behavior, suicidal ideation, self-injurious behavior, nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior, diagnostic systems

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.