- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article continues the discussion on medieval Jewish philosophy in Arabic. The account begins with the death of Maimonides in 1204, and with the emergence of Hebrew at about that time as the language of philosophy among the Jews. Many post-Maimonidean Jewish philosophers were the true inheritors of the tradition of Aristotelian falsafa, which was inaugurated by al-Fārābī at the beginning of the tenth century and which came to an abrupt end in Islam with the death of Averroes in 1198. The article examines the philosophical and theological discussions on creation, free will, determinism, and God's knowledge of particulars.
Steven Harvey is Professor of Philosophy at Bar-Ilan University. He has published extensively on the medieval Jewish and Islamic philosophers, with special focus on Averroes’s commentaries on Aristotle and on the influence of the Islamic philosophers on Jewish thought. He is the author of Falaquera’s Epistle of the Debate: An Introduction to Jewish Philosophy (1987) and editor of The Medieval Hebrew Encyclopedias of Science and Philosophy (2000) and Anthology of the Writings of Avicenna (2009, in Hebrew).
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