- Preface to Volume 1
- Anytime, Anywhere? An Introduction to the Devices, Markets, and Theories of Mobile Music
- How the MP3 Became Ubiquitous
- Is a Download a Performance?
- Divisible Mobility: Music in an Age of Cloud Computing
- iPod Use, Mediation, and Privatization in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
- Changing Cultural Coordinates: The Transistor Radio and Space, Time, and Identity
- Labor, Machines, IVR-Enabled Automated Call Centers, and the Design of an Audible Workplace
- Mobile Semiotics
- Calling My Name: Sound, Orality, and the Cell Phone Contact List
- What Is That Noise? An Analysis of Sound Quality and Music in Mobile Devices
- Aural Armor: Charting the Militarization of the iPod in Operation Iraqi Freedom
- Cochlear Implants after Fifty Years: A History and an Interview with Charles Graser
- Music Ethnography and Recording Technology in the Unbound Digital Era
- Forever and Ever: Mobile Music in the Life of Young Teens
- Earbuds Are Good for Sharing: Children’s Headphones as Social Media at a Vermont School
- Can You Hear Us Now? Ringtones and Politics in the Contemporary Philippines
- Stereos in the City: Moving Through Music in South India
- Urban Echoes: The Boombox and Sonic Mobility in the 1980s
- Mexican Mobile Music: Una Convergencia con Sabor
- Music Piracy, Commodities, and Value: Digital Media in the Indian Marketplace
- A Tale of Two Countries: Online Radio in the United States and Japan
- Mobile Tactics in the Brazilian Independent Music Industry
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter offers a historical account of how the MP3 became the dominant music format in the world. It explains that MP3s became a ubiquitous format in part through a series of marketing failures and multiple booms in software and music piracy. It highlights the fact that the code to make and to listen to MP3s was itself file-shared and disseminated online. This article also suggests that while MP3s were behind an unprecedented expansion in the availability and circulation of recorded music, it was also the drive to move music that made the MP3 what it is today.
Jonathan Sterne is in the Department of Art History and Communication Studies at McGill University.
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