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date: 23 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The question “How does Judaism relate to other religions?” can be divided into five subquestions: Does Judaism believe that adherents of other religions can achieve salvation in the hereafter—“the world to come”—without converting to Judaism? Does Judaism aim at converting Gentiles? What is Judaism's eschatological vision—specifically, what is the fate of non-Jews and adherents of other religions at the end of days? Does Judaism believe that other religions are also true? If so, in what sense and to what degree? Does Judaism believe that they have value even if they are false in important respects? Does Judaism believe that interfaith dialogue, in the sense of discussion and critical assessment of one's religious tenets, and possibly appropriation of teachings of other religions, is advisable and proper? This article focuses on religious diversity from a Jewish perspective and how Judaism relates to Christianity, citing ancient texts (the Bible, Talmud, and Midrash) and writings of medieval and modern thinkers as well as legal authorities.

Keywords: Judaism, religions, Christianity, salvation, Gentiles, eschatology, interfaith dialogue

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