Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines women and gender as useful categories of analysis within environmental history. It begins with a discussion of premodern environmental practices by indigenous peoples, including Native Americans, and their gendered relationships with the environment. It considers how enslaved women used their environmental knowledge concerning production to combat the injustice of slavery. It also looks at the labor of both men and women on the American frontier, hunting and conservation in relation to masculinity during the colonial times, the role of gender in newly urbanized and industrialized societies, and the place of gender in American Progressive-Era wilderness preservation and resource conservation. In addition, it analyzes women’s conservation efforts for both domesticated and wild animals, particularly birds, along with women’s educational programs to promote public health. The chapter explores the emergence of ecofeminism and concludes with an assessment of new trends and future prospects on research concerning a gendered history of the environment.
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