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date: 18 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins by situating language policy and planning (LPP) historically, linking it to colonialism and capitalism, and in particular to the development of the nation-state. The institutionalized emergence of LPP as a defined field of scholarly inquiry in the 1960s–1980s, with a peak in the 1960s and 1970s, is understood in the context of state management of populations on the terrain of language, necessarily connected to the interests of capital. The central question is how LPP has been understood, at various historical junctures, to be connected to both political and economic interests. LPP’s increasingly explicit interest in economic activity tracks a shift in locus of attention and activity. The question for LPP has thus become the legitimacy of its mission: whose interests it serves, and in the name of what.

Keywords: colonialism, language, capitalism, language planning, language policy, economics

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