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date: 21 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Language commodification refers to processes by which language is constructed as an element that can be brought into a process of economic exchange or accountability. The terms tertiarization, neoliberalism, and globalization are commonly used to express the wide socioeconomic context of linguistic commodification. In the first section of this chapter, these terms are defined and explained. Then three examples of language commodification are examined in detail. The final discussion section explores the implications of these phenomena for the ways in which the scope of language planning, until recently limited to aspects of government intervention on language, should be expanded to new issues and contexts.

Keywords: globalization, economics, language planning, linguistic commodification, neoliberalism, tertiarization

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