- The Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust
- About the Editor
- The Study of Trust
- Measuring Trust
- Social and Political Trust
- Trust and National Identity
- Trust and Democracy
- Ingroup-Outgroup Trust: Barriers, Benefits, and Bridges
- Biological and Psychological Influences on Interpersonal and Political Trust
- Trust and Participation in Associations
- Ethnic Diversity and Social Trust: A Critical Review of the Literature and Suggestions for a Research Agenda
- Cultural Persistence or Experiential Adaptation?: A Review of Studies Using Immigrants to Examine the Roots of Trust
- Trust and Minority Groups
- Trust and Rational Choice
- Trust Experiments, Trust Games, and Surveys
- Trust Games: Game-Theoretic Approaches to Embedded Trust
- Trust in Newly Democratic Regimes
- Social and Political Trust in Developing Countries: Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America
- Trust and the Welfare State
- New Evidence on Trust and Well-Being
- Trust and Population Health
- Trust and Corruption
- Trust and Tax Morale
- Social Trust and Economic Growth
- Foundations of Political Trust
- Political Trust and Polarization
- Economic Performance and Political Trust
- Trust and Elections
- Trust in Justice
- Trust in International Actors
- Trust in International Relations
Abstract and Keywords
Levels of interpersonal and political trust undoubtedly ebb and flow in response to external stimuli. Despite the variability in one’s environment, there is good reason to believe that interpersonal and political trust also originate from individual characteristics. In this chapter, we focus on the impact of biology and personality on trust. Biological factors and personality traits constitute relatively stable individual differences that influence perceptions, evaluations, and orientations toward the social and political world. Research on trust has examined both of these influences, and we review this literature below. The first section considers the role of biology in shaping trust, and the second examines trust as a dimension of personality and as an individual orientation that can be shaped by personality. We then present a brief statistical analysis of the impact of personality traits on interpersonal and political trust. The last section summarizes the discussion and suggests avenues for future research.
Matthew Cawvey is a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at Oklahoma State University.
Matthew Hayes is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Rice University.
Damarys Canache is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Illinois.
Jeffery J. Mondak is James M. Benson Chair in Public Issues and Civic Leadership in the Department of Political Science at the University of Illinois.
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