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date: 20 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews a study exploring the influence of acculturation on alcohol use disorders (AUD) among a sample of Mexican-origin participants residing on and off the US-Mexico border region. The purpose of this study was to: (1) determine what domains of US acculturation predict AUD; (2) determine whether retaining aspects of Mexican culture protects against AUD; (3) examine potential mediators that might explain the relationship between acculturation and AUD, including factors relevant to a stress-based model and a normative model; and (4) determine whether the relationship between acculturation measures and AUD differs by environmental contexts. Findings suggest the influence of acculturation on Mexican women’s drinking behaviors might vary across environmental contexts. Characteristics of the border environment might exacerbate alcohol problems among more acculturated women. Findings also support a normative model of acculturation. Programs and prevention strategies at the border targeting drinking norms and motives might be particularly beneficial for women.

Keywords: acculturation, alcohol use disorder, Mexican American, US-Mexico border, drinking, norm, motive

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