- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the extent to which shifts in the understanding of power within a poststructuralist frame are compelling researchers to re-examine the relationships between language and power. In the light of current notions of power, such as those developed by Foucault, this chapter shows how new research questions and objects of study are emerging for sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology, discourse analysis, and applied linguistics, among other research fields. The chapter focuses on five postulates about power and on the conditions research on power in relation to language should fulfill in order to take them into account. Starting with a critique of earlier approaches which tend to localize power in the state (e.g. linguistic policies), the chapter examines how subsequent contributions made by critical approaches in sociolinguistics and in discourse analyses have prepared the ground for a more fluid and dynamic understanding of the microphysics of power in relation to language.
Luisa Martín Rojo is Professor of Linguistics at the Universidad Autónoma (Madrid, Spain), and Member of the International Pragmatic Association Consultation Board (2006–2011; re-elected for the period 2012–2017). Through her research trajectory, she has conducted research in the fields of discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, and communication, mainly focused on immigration and racism. Since 2000, she has focused on studying the management of cultural and linguistic diversity in Madrid schools, applying a sociolinguistic and ethnographic perspective and analyzing how inequality is constructed, naturalized, and legitimized through discourse (Constructing Inequality in Multilingual Classrooms, 2010). Currently she is exploring the interplay between urban spaces and linguistic practices in new global protest movements (Occupy: The spatial Dynamics of Discourse in Global Protest Movements, 2014). She is also a member of the editorial boards of the journals Discourse & Society, Journal of Language and Politics, Spanish in Context, Critical Discourse Studies, and Journal of Multicultural Discourses, and she chairs the Iberian Association of Discourse in Society (EDiSO).
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