Vladimir Makovsky [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Optimists are people who expect good things to happen; pessimists are people who expect bad things to happen. Folk wisdom has long held that this difference among people is important in many aspects of living. In this case, folk wisdom appears to be right. Optimists and pessimists differ in ways that have a large impact on their mental well-being, physical health, and social relationships. They differ in how they approach problems, and they differ in the manner—and the success—with which they cope with adversity.
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